ILOKUSI-ILOKUSI HOAKS COVID-19 DI MEDIA SOSIAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF CYBER-PRAGMATICS/COVID-19 HOAX ILLOCUTIONS IN INSTAGRAM IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF CYBERPRAGMATICS

R. Kunjana Rahardi

Abstract


Abstrak

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan wujud-wujud ilokusi hoax Covid-19 di media sosial Instagram dalam perspektif Cyberpragmatics. Data penelitian berupa tuturan-tuturan dalam Instagram yang di dalamnya terkandung ilokusi-ilokusi hoax covid-19. Data dikumpulkan dengan metode simak. Teknik yang digunakan dalam rangka penerapan metode simak adalah teknik simak bebas libat cakap sebagai teknik dasar dan teknik rekam dan teknik catat sebagai teknik lanjutan. Setelah tipe-tipe data tersaji dengan baik, langkah selanjutnya adalah memvalidasi data. Metode dan teknik analisis data diterapkan adalah metode analisis distribusional. Teknik yang digunakan dalam rangka menerapkan metode distribusional adalah teknik bagi unsur langsung. Adapun dimensi-dimensi ekstrakebahasan penelitian ini dianalisis dengan menerapkan metode kontekstual atau metode padan khususnya padan ekstralingual. Penelitian ini berhasil menemukan ilokusi-ilokusi hoax Covid-19 sebagai berikut: (1) ilokusi menebar informasi tidak jelas, (2) ilokusi menyoal informasi keliru, (3) ilokusi menebar berita palsu, (4) ilokusi menyoal desas-desus, (5) ilokusi menebar berita tidak benar, (6) ilokusi membesar-besarkan informasi keliru, (7) ilokusi menebar informasi yang tidak jelas, (8) ilokusi membesar-besarkan masalah.

Kata Kunci: cyberpragmatics, ilokusi hoax, Covid-19

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to describe the forms of Covid-19 hoax illocution in Instagram social media in the perspective of Cyberpragmatics. The research data were in the form of utterances in which contained the illusion of covid-19 hoaxes. Data were collected by the observation method. The technique used in the framework of applying the refer to method was a free, engaging, involved listening technique as the basic technique and the record technique and the note technique as an advanced technique. After the types of data were presented properly, the next step was to validate the data. The method and data analysis technique applied was the distributional analysis method. The technique used in the framework of applying the distributional method was the technique for the direct element. The extra dimensions of this research were analyzed by applying the contextual method or the matching method speci cally the extralingual padding. This research succeeded in nding Covid-19 hoax illocution as follows: (1) illocution to spread unclear information, (2) illocutionary to erroneous information, (3) illocution to spread false news, (4) illocution to rumors, (5) illocution to spread untrue news, (6) illocution to exaggerate misinformation, (7) illocution to spread information that is not clear, (8) illocution to exaggerate the problem.

Keywords: cyberpragmatics, illocution hoaxes, Covid-19


Keywords


cyberpragmatics; ilokusi hoaks; Covid-19

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29255/aksara.v32i2.561.313-322

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