TEKNIK PENERJEMAHAN PERISTIWA TUTUR BERTENGKAR DALAM SUBTITLE FILM TED 2

Jotika Purnama Yuda, Mangatur Nababan, Djatmika Djatmika

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui teknik penerjemahan apa saja yang digunakan oleh penerjemah untuk menerjemahkan tindak tutur dalam peristiwa tutur bertengkar dan mendeksripsikan dampaknya terhadap pergeseran terjemahan tindak tutur dalam film Ted 2. Data dalam penelitian ini adalah kalimat yang merepresentasikan tindak tutur dalam peristiwa tutur bertengkar dalam subtitle bahasa Indonesia dan Inggris dalam film Ted 2 dan juga teknik penerjemahan yang digunakan oleh penerjemah untuk menerjemahkan tindak tutur tersebut.  Data didapat melalui analisis dokumen dan FGD (focus group discussion) dengan beberapa informan (rater). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerjemah menggunakan 16 teknik penerjemahan diantaranya teknik padanan lazim, reduksi, variasi, peminjaman murni, kompresi linguistic, kompensasi, eksplisitasi, implisitasi, transposisi, modulasi, delesi, literal, generalisasi, kreasi diskursif, adisi dan adaptasi. Selanjutnya, teknik teknik padanan lazim, reduksi, variasi, peminjaman murni, kompresi linguistic, kompensasi, eksplisitasi, implisitasi, transposisi, modulasi, generalisasi, kreasi diskursif, adisi dan adaptasi tidak menghasilkan pergeseran pada bahasa sasaran. Pergeseran tindak tutur di bahasa sasaran disebabkan oleh penggunaan teknik literal dan hilangnya tindak tutur di bahasa sasaran disebabkan oleh penggunaan teknik delesi.

 

This research sought to determine translation techniques used by a subtitler to translate speech acts found in quarelling speech event and to describe the impact of the translation techniques on speech act shift in Ted 2 movie. The data in this reseach were sentences accommodating speech acts in quarelling speech event in Indonesian and English subtitles of Ted 2 movie and translation techniques used by the subtitler to translate the speech acts in quarreling speech event. That data were obtained through document analysis and FGD (focus group discussion) with informans (raters). The findings show that the subtitler used translation techniques of established equivalence (324), reduction (64), variation (114), pure borrowing (38), linguistic compression (4), compensation (5), explicitation (18), implicitation (57), transposition (6), modulation (45), deletion (15), literal (8), generalisation (4), discursive creation (3), adition (3) dan adaptation (6). The techniques of established equivalence, reduction, variation, pure borrowing, linguistic compression, kompensation, explicitation, implisitation, transposition, modulation, generalization, discursive creation, addition and adaptation do not result in shift in the Indonesian subtitle. Whereas the literal techniques resulted in speech act shift in Indonesian subtitles and loss of speech act in Indonesian subtitle was caused by the deletion technique.

Keywords: speech event, speech act shift, translation techniques, speech act


Keywords


Peristiwa tutur bertengkar; pergeseran tindak tutur; teknik penerjemahan; tindak tutur

Full Text:

PDF

References


Baker, M. (2001). In Other Words. New York: Routledge.

Gambier, Y., & Gottlieb, H. (2001). (Multi)Media Translation.

Grundy, P. (2000). Doing Pragmatics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kamus cambridge. (n.d.).

Kamus Oxfoard. (n.d.).

KBBI online. (n.d.).

Kihara, C. P. (2015). Mchonoano and Ethnography of Communication. The University of Nairobi Journal of Language and Linguistics, 4, 1–19.

Koczogh, H. (2013). Scrutinizing the Concept of (Verbal) Disagreement. Argumentum, 9(Debreceni Egyetemi Kiadó), 211–222.

Mariam webster online. (n.d.).

Molina, L., & Hurtado Albir, A. (2012). Translation Techniques Revisited: A

Dynamic and Functionalist Approach. Meta: Journal Des Traducteurs, 47(4), 498. https://doi.org/10.7202/008033ar

Nababan, M. (2003). Teori Menerjemah Bahasa Inggris. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Newmark, P. (1988). A textbook of Translation. Europe: Prentice Hall.

Nida, Eugene .A & Taber, C. R. (1982). The Theory and Practice in Translation. Leiden: E.J Brill.

Prasetyo, J. (2011). Analisis Transposisi Dan Modulasi Pada Buku Teori Budaya Terjemahan Dari Buku Culture Theory. Lingua, 7(1), 1–13.

Purba, A. (2011). Tindak Tutur dan Peristiwa Tutur. Jurnal Pena, 1.

Romdhati, A. T., Nababan, M., & Santosa, R. (2018). Translation Techniques and Their Impacts to the Modality Orientation’s Shift in The Jungle Book Movie Subtitle. Lingua Cultura, 12(4), 375.

https://doi.org/10.21512/lc.v12i4.4397

Santika, D., Nababan, M., & Djatmika. (2019). Keakuratan dan Keberterimaan Terjemahan Respon terhadap Tindak Tutur Komisif pada Novel Dark Matter Karya Blake Crouch. Aksara, 31(1).

http://dx.doi.org/10.29255/aksara.v31i1.307.113-129

Searle, J. R., & Vanderveken, D. (1985). Foundations of illocuationary logic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Simon, S. (2015). Speech Acts in Written Advertisements: Identification, Classification and Analysis. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. Elsevier, 192, 234–239.

Zand-Vakili, Elham; Kashani, Alireza Fard; Tubandeh, F. (2012). The Analysis of Speech Events and Hymes’ Speaking Factors in the Comedy Television Series “FRIENDS.” New Media and Communication Journal, 2.

Zojer, H. (2012). Cultural references in subtitles: A measuring device for interculturality? International Journal of Translation, 57(4), 394–413. https://doi.org/10.1075/babel.57.4.02zoj




DOI: https://doi.org/10.29255/aksara.v32i1.435.151-166

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Aksara

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

AKSARA INDEXED IN:

  
   

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

AKSARA is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

@2016 Balai Bahasa Provinsi Bali Jalan Trengguli I No. 34, Tembau, Denpasar 80238 Telepon (0361)461714, Faksimile (0361)463656, Pos-el: jurnalaksara@yahoo.co.id, Laman: http://balaibahasaprovinsibali.kemdikbud.go.id/