Tip of the Tongue dalam Akses Leksikal Ujaran Penutur Bahasa Indonesia

Arti Prihatini, Fida Pangesti


This study aims to describe three focuses, namely (1) the lingual unit activation in the tip of the tongue (ToT), (2) the word class of tip of the tongue, and (3) the mental process of the tip of the tongue experienced by Indonesian speakers. This research method is descriptive qualitative. The data collection techniques were questionnaires and interviews with Indonesian speakers at the University of Muhammadiyah Malang. The results showed that the activated lingual units in ToT consisted of three types, namely sound activation, syllable activation, and word activation. ToT occurs in nouns, verbs, and adjectives based on quantity. Most of the ToT vocabulary with the target vocabulary has the same type of word. The ToT mental process occurs through tactile vocabulary, phonological encoding, and decoding semantic features that are manifested in several forms, namely (1) remembering the final sounds/syllables of vocabulary, (2) remembering vocabulary that is similar to ToT vocabulary, and (3) imagining objects, activities, or anything else from the ToT vocabulary.



Penelitian ini bertujuan mendeskripsikan tiga fokus, yaitu (1) satuan lingual yang teraktivasi dalam tip of the tongue (ToT), (2) kelas kata tip of the tongue, dan (3) proses mental tip of the tongue yang dialami penutur bahasa Indonesia. Metode penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik angket dan wawancara terhadap penutur bahasa Indonesia di Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa satuan lingual yang teraktivasi dalam ToT terdiri atas tiga jenis, yaitu aktivasi bunyi, aktivasi suku kata, dan aktivasi kata. Berdasarkan kuantitasnya, ToT terjadi pada tiga kelas kata, yaitu nomina, verba, dan ajektiva. Sebagian besar kosakata ToT dengan kosakata target memiliki jenis kata yang sama. Proses mental ToT terjadi melalui perabaan kosakata, phonological encoding, dan penguraian fitur semantik yang terwujud dalam beberapa bentuk, yaitu (1) ingat bunyi/silabel akhir kosakata, (2) ingat kosakata yang mirip dengan kosakata ToT, dan (3) membayangkan benda, aktivitas, atau hal lain dari kosakata ToT.


akses leksikal; produksi bahasa lisan; tip of the tongue; ujaran

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.29255/aksara.v35i1.1048.138--150


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