Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

Aksara aims at providing a media or forum for researchers, faculties, and graduate students to publish their research papers in the field of linguistic and literary studies. The scope of Aksara includes linguistic, applied linguistic, interdisciplinary linguistic studies, theoretical literary studies, interdisciplinary literary studies, literature and identity politics, philology, and oral tradition. Aksara is published by Balai Bahasa Bali, Badan Pengembangan dan Pembinaan Bahasa, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Aksara accepts articles from authors of national or international institutions. Authors are free of charge throughout the whole process including article submission, review and editing process, and publication.


Section Policies


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

  • Reviewers will provide written feedback on the appointed time with  a commitment to contribute scientific values and significance to the assigned duty, e.g. by making available the reviewer’s feedback in written documents.concerning purpose of the research and its scientific values, this is done by mitra bebestari (reviewers) in written documents.
  • Reviewers will confirm whether  submitted manuscripts are well-composed, concise, relevant, scientifically accurate, original, and of the journal’s focus and scope. persuasive.
  • Reviewers will avoid personal comments and critics.
  • Reviewers will not open communication in any form with authors except authorized by the editor. Strictly forbidden contacting the author without permission from the editor.
  • In the case of being unconfident to return a review within the mutually agreed time frame, reviewers will promptly inform the editor and recommend other potential reviewers. Informing the editor as soon as possible if fail to finish the review beyond the due date and suggesting other qualified mitra bebestari (reviewers).
  • Reviewers will decide the the scientific performance, originality, and the work’s scope. Reviewers should provide feedback for improvement and give recommendations of acceptance or rejection based on evaluation scale. during the rating scale.
  • Reviewers will check the manuscript for its originality and ensure that there is no copyright infringement. Checking that every article is original and did not violate any copyright.
  • Reviewers will notify the editors if they have conflicts of interests resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with the authors, institutions, or companies related to the manuscripts. Telling the editors to be aware of conflicts may caused by the article, such as private, financial, and etc; should it happens, reviewers must find the right solution to solve it.
  • Reviewers will ensure that the standards and policies applied by the journal have been appropriately adhered by the submitted manuscripts.  Ensuring that the article is meeting journal’s standard.
  • Reviewers will protect readers from erroneous or defective researches  which might not be verifiable or able to be validated by the readers..
  • Reviewers will anticipate any statements from previous relevant reports or published works without proper citing. citing the works which is relevant for other scholars.


Publication Frequency

Aksara is a Journal published online twice a year in the middle of the year (June) and in the end of the year (December).


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


Open Access Policy

Aksara provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public to supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Aksara is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License


Article Processing Charges

Every article submitted to AKSARA will not have any 'Article Processing Charges'.


Plagiarism Policy

An article is indicated as plagiarism if the article takes the work of another author without permission, credit or acknowledgement. Indications that include plagiarism are as follows:

  • Literal copying; a form of plagiarism in which an article adapts another article, be it word for word, in part, or as a whole, without the permission and acknowledgement of the original source. Literal copying is a form of plagiarism that is easily detected because the plagiarism is clear just by comparing it to the original work.
  • Substantial copying; a form of plagiarism in which an article imitates a substantial or essential part of another article without the permission and acknowledgement of the original source. Substantial sections include data, methodology, and results. If an article has imitated a substantial part of another article, even if only a small part, then in essence the article essentially allows plagiarism to occur.
  • Paraphrasing; a form of plagiarism in which an article adapts writing ideas by changing the sentence from the original article. This form of plagiarism is plagiarism that is difficult to detect because the written form has been paraphrased.

Journal of Pragmatics and Discourse Research will investigate all articles and will take action against articles that indicate plagiarism or self-plagiarism. Articles with indications of plagiarism will be rejected immediately. Journal of Pragmatics and Discourse Research uses COPE guidelines to investigate suspected plagiarism.

  • Suspected plagiarism in a submitted manuscript here
  • Suspected plagiarism in a published article here

Teknomekanik uses the Turnitin service to check plagiarism suspects with a similarity index indicator. The Editorial Board sets a maximum similarity index of 20% for all articles to be published in Journal of Pragmatics and Discourse Research.

Please visit the Turnitin Similarity Check service web at  https://www.turnitin.com/



Accreditation Certificate

AKSARA has been awarded a certificate as a Scientific Journal by The Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) since 2016.

Updated Accreditation Number: 714/Akred/P2MI-LIPI/04/2016
Valid thru: April 2019


References Management

Every article submitted to Aksara shall use reference management application e.g. Mendeley


Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement

Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement of AKSARA is guided by:

  1. Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan, Kebudyaan, Riset dan Teknologi Republik Indonesia Nomor 39 Tahun 2021 Tentang Integrasi Akademik Dalam Menghasilkan Karya Ilmiah (Regulation of the Minister of Education, Culture, Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia Number 39 of 2021 concerning Academic Integration in Scientific Paper).
  2. Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)
  3. World Association of Medical Editors (WAME)
  4. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)
  5. Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT)

A. Ethical Guideline for Journal Publication

  1. All parties that involved in manuscript published authors, journal editors, reviewers and publishers) agree on the publishing policy of  PPJB-SIP (Perkumpulan Pengelola Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia serta Pengajarannya).
  2. PPJB-SIP (Perkumpulan Pengelola Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia serta Pengajarannya) as publisher commits to do not influence the editor's decision in publishing manuscripts.
  3. Published manuscripts must be protected from defamation, copyright infringement, plagiarism and violation of law.
  4. Published manuscripts must be reviewed by reviewers before publication. This is an effort to support the quality of published manuscripts, so they will be beneficial for readers or users of research results.
  5. To avoid the conflict of interest, editor in chief, managing editor, section editor dan copy editor are not allowed to provide information to the authors about reviewers who review their manuscript, or reverse.
  6. The editorial decisions are on the grounds of suitability for the journal scope, impact and overall quality of the manuscript. 


B. Responsibilities and rights of Editors

Role of editor

  1. The Editor in Chief has a role as the highest decision-maker in managing the AKSARA journal and publishing manuscripts.
  2. The Editor in Chief assigns the Managing Editor in handling editor who delivers manuscripts to the section editor for initial assessment. The managing editor arranges the schedule for publishing manuscripts by communicating and asking the decisions from the Editor in Chief regarding the final decision of manuscripts to be published, based on remarks and recommendations from the section editors and reviewers.
  3. Section editor has a role as an initial assessor and communicator between author and reviewers related to manuscript assessment, revision, recommendation and comment. Section editor will make the better decision to be published by suggesting to Managing Editor and Editor in Chief. Section Editor can reject the manuscript, if they do not fulfil the established manuscript criteria by AKSARA, both in initial assessment and after review process.
  4. Copy Editor has a role as layout editing for lay-outing the manuscript to the template, checking the references and grammar, and changing the file format being PDF for publication, it will be published online or printed out.

Publication Decisions

AKSARA section editor has a responsibility to make a decision on which manuscript will be published. In this part, editor can discuss with reviewers in making a decision of which manuscript will be published. The manuscript that has been approved by section editor for lay-outing template, grammar, references checking and changing the file format of .DOC being .PDF, and it will be delivered to the managing editor to be published. The Managing Editor will arrange the publication schedule according to the manuscript’s queue. If the manuscript quota in an issue has been fulfilled (max. 20 manuscripts), the manuscript will be published in the next issue. The final decision on publication will be fully handled by Editor in Chief.

Fair Play

In manuscript evaluation, each editor is not allowed to consider the author based on race, gender, sexual orientation, region, ethnicity, nationality or political view.


The Managing Editor is not allowed to provide information about the manuscript being reviewed by section editor or reviewers to anyone.

Involvement and cooperation in investigations

The editor has to take sufficiently responsive steps when an ethical complaint is reported concerning to manuscript that has been published by AKSARA. When it took place, Managing Editor will communicate it with authors, discuss it with Editorial Board and give consideration of the reported complaints by readers. The necessary action that will be conducted by Editor; publication revision, manuscript revocation or another relevant actions. Any unethical action/behavior that reported will be examined, even for a manuscript that has been published for years.

Disclosure and conflicts of interest

  1. Manuscript material or data that has been submitted by authors to AKSARA and those that are not published in the final manuscript are not allowed to be employed by Editor on their own manuscript without the author’s permission.
  2. Information or idea that obtained from review process has to be concealed and it is not allowed to be employed for personal gain.
  3. Editors that published their manuscript in AKSARA, will be not involved in examining the manuscript. The manuscript will be processed by other editor and decisions for publishing the manuscript according to suitability for the journal scope, impact and overall quality of the manuscript. It is conducted to avoid a conflict of interest.


C. Responsibilities and Rights of Reviewers

Contribution to Editorial Decisions

Reviewers assist Editor in making the decision of accepting or rejecting the manuscript to be published in the AKSARA.


Reviewers can respond to the manuscript reviewing request according to the arranged time or if they need more time for review process, reviewers can communicate it to the editor. If reviewers cannot allow to accomplish the review process in the arranged time, reviewers have to communicate it to the Editor, and the manuscript will be delivered to another reviewer.


Each submitted manuscript for reviewing has to be concealed, it is not allowed to be communicated or discussed with anyone unless authorized by the editor.

Standards of objectivity

The review process has to be conducted objectively, to avoid inappropriate personal criticism of the author. Reviewers have to describe their straightforward view that is suitable to the manuscript topic and provide the supporting statement.

Acknowledgement of sources

The reviewers have to identify the relevant published manuscript that has not been cited by author. Each statement such as observation, derivation or argument has been reported before, it has to be supported by the relevant citation. Reviewers also report to the Editor concerning substantial similarities or overlaps between manuscript under consideration and published manuscript in another journal.

Disclosure and conflict of interest

Manuscript materials or data that have been submitted by the author to AKSARA and those are not published in the final manuscript are not allowed to be employed by reviewers on their own manuscript without the author’s permission. Information or idea that obtained from the review process has to be concealed and it is not allowed to be employed for personal gain. In manuscript evaluation, each reviewer is not allowed to consider the author based on race, gender, sexual orientation, region, ethnicity, nationality or political view.

D. Responsibilities and rights of Authors

Reporting Standards

Authors have to depict the accuracy report concerning to originality of conducted research and objective discussion of its significance. Authors have to present results honestly, without manipulation, falsification or manipulation of inappropriate data. All citations have to be referenced and they can be traced, so others can learn them as well. Fraudulent or intentionally inaccurate statements are unethical behavior and unacceptable.

Data Access, Retention and Reproducibility

Authors have to deliberate in providing raw data concerning to manuscript and giving access to the public as well. It is if needed for Editor review. Authors are also requested to save those data for a reasonable time after publication. Authors have to be responsible for reproducibility data.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors ensure that they had written the full originality manuscript. The manuscript that has been published by other researchers or the author themselves have to cite well. Original words that are directly cited from publications by other authors have to appear in quotation marks with appropriate citations.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications

The authors do not allow submitting the manuscript with the same research to more than one publisher and journal. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior. Manuscript that produced from the research projects must have differences in the presented data.

Acknowledgement of Sources

Authors have to recognize the data sources employed in research and cite the relevant journal and influential publication in determining the characteristics of the submitted manuscript. The proper acknowledgement of other works must be presented.

Authorship and Contributorship of the Paper

Research publication contributorship has to accurately present individual contributions toward their work and report. Contributorship should be limited to the authors that have a significant contribution to the conception, design, implementation or study interpretation that reported. Other people that have significant contributions must be registered as author partners. In this case, which main contributor is registered as the main author, while the author who less substantial, or purely technical contribution will be presented at the acknowledgement. The main author also ensures all of the authors have observed and approved the manuscript and included their names as co-authors.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

If authors find mistakes or significant inaccuracies in the submitted manuscript, so they have to communicate it to Editor or publisher and make a cooperation with Editor to retract or revise the manuscript.

Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

If research material involves chemicals, humans, animals, procedures or tools with uncommon dangers when using it, research has to identify it clearly in the manuscript to fulfil the research ethic on using animals and humans.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors have to clearly describe their financial or other substantive conflicts of interest in the manuscript which might be interpreted to influence the result or interpretation of their manuscript. All funding sources for the research project have to be presented in manuscript.


E. Allegation of Research Misconduct

Research misconducts cover severe problems such as fabrication, citation manipulation, or plagiarism in the generating, carrying out, or reviewing research and writing articles, or reporting findings. When research misconduct occurs regarding articles published in scientific journals, the Editor is responsible for ensuring the correctness and integrity of scientific records. The Editorial team adheres to employ the best practice of COPE to investigate the allegation of research misconduct. It also employs solving complaints and dealing with such misconduct fairly. This will include an investigation into allegations by the Editor.

Submission will be rejected if it is indicated research misconduct. In case, if it has occurred to the published article, that article will be removed/deleted from the journal and will be attached to the original article. Some steps are obtained to investigate the research misconduct. As the first step, the validity of the allegation is determined. In this step, the article will be evaluated whether the allegation is relevant to the term research misconduct. If an article is suspected of research misconduct, the Editor will notify the corresponding author and request the authors to respond to the allegation.

After the Editor received the response, it will be evaluated for taking further decisions. For other cases where research misconduct will not be impossible to occur, either clarification or additional analysis, or both, issued as a letter to the editor. The letter also includes an amended notification and an amendment to the published article is sufficient.

Appropriate and comprehensive investigations should be conducted by institutions on allegations of research misconduct or allegation of scientific morality. Authors, Editors, and institutions must be responsible to ensure scientific integrity. AKSARA concerns about scientific and research misconduct allegations. Therefore, AKSARA adheres to ensuring the validity and integrity of published articles. Amendments, removal with article substitution, and permanent removal from the journal will be addressed to the article that has been allegation suspected.


F. Complaints and Appeals

AKSARA has a clear procedure to manage any complaints to the journal, editorial board, or publisher. Those will be clarified to whom it may concern. The complaints cover anything related to the article matters such as editorial process, manipulation of citations, improper editor/reviewer, manipulation of per-review, etc. Complaints will be proceed based on COPE guidelines.


G. Ethical Oversight

If research material involves chemicals, humans, animals, procedures or tools with uncommon dangers when using it, research has to identify it clearly in the manuscript to fulfil the research ethic on using animals and humans. If necessary, researchers have to provide ethics law permission from a law association or organization.

If research involves confidential data and business/marketing practices, researchers have to clearly justify whether data or information will be safely hidden or not.


H. Intellectual Property (Copyrights Policy)

Here the policy of AKSARA intellectual property or copyrights is described.


I. Peer-Review Process Policy

The review process will consider the novelty, objectivity, method, scientific effect, conclusion and reference. Reviewers' remarks (comments) will be delivered to authors for necessary action and feedback. The Editorial Board will evaluate the reviewer’s comments and deliver the final decision regarding the submission based on the reviewers' recommendation. The peer review process/policy is described here.


J. Plagiarism Screening Policy

AKSARA will immediately investigate and reject manuscript that leads to plagiarism or self-plagiarism. AKSARA Editorial Board will ensure that each published manuscript has a maximum 20% similarity index. The plagiarism screening policy is described here.


K. Post-Publication Discussions and Corrections

AKSARA accepts discussions and corrections of the published manuscript by readers. Readers involve in discussions and corrections to published manuscripts. Readers can email the Editor in Chief by explaining the discussions and corrections. If accepted (by the Editor in Chief), the discussion and corrections will be published in the next issue as a Letter to the Editor. The authors can reply/answer discussions and corrections from readers by sending a Reply Letter to the Editor in Chief. Therefore, the Editor can publish the answer as a Reply Letter to the Editor.


L. Manuscript Withdrawal Policy

Standards for handling manuscript withdrawals, manuscript deletion, and manuscript replacement in the AKSARA Policy can be found here.